Terpenes & Flavonoids are the main groups of organic compounds that make up Whole Plant Extracted CBD hemp oil and enhance the effects of natural cannabinoids.
A groundbreaking study from Israel has documented the superior therapeutic properties of whole plant CBD-rich cannabis extract as compared to single-molecule cannabidiol (CBD).
Terpenes are an extremely large family of unsaturated hydrocarbons.
They are volatile organic compounds found in the essential oils of plants, especially conifers and citrus trees. They are also found in some insects such as termites, though as we are looking at CBD Oil, we’ll focus on the flora, not the fauna.
Cannabis contains over 200 terpenes which are thought to perform a number of biological functions. They include: acting as a natural pesticide, deterring insects; as drying-out and anti-fungal agents; and as an organic antibiotic, to bolster the plant against disease. Terpenes are found in the cell walls of cannabis flowers.
That is what they do for the plant and how it grows, but terpenes can also trigger potential therapeutic benefits to the human body. D-Limonene, common to cannabis, is an anxiolytic, which is a potential anxiety reliever, it is also believed by some to be a beneficial treatment for migraines. Isovaleric acid, which is prevalent in some strains of cannabis, is an anti-convulsive and soporific, it has an aroma that acts on the brain like a pheromone.
They are based on a cyclic molecule having the formula C10H16. Simply put, terpenes give the cannabis and hemp plant its unique odour. That may not sound all too impressive, but a quick web search reveals that there is a new and exciting science unfolding globally focusing on these unique and powerful molecules, especially with regard to healthy living.
The hemp we use contains a number of terpenes from pinene to limonene. Our customers regard our terpene- and flavonoid-rich products to be just as beneficial as our high CBD products.
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Flavonoids – Entoruage Effect – Endocannabinoid system
Flavonoids are widely distributed in plants, fulfilling many functions.
Flavonoids are the most important plant pigments for flower coloration, producing yellow or red/blue pigmentation in petals designed to attract pollinator animals. In higher plants, flavonoids are involved in UV filtration, symbiotic nitrogen fixation and floral pigmentation. They may also act as chemical messengers, physiological regulators, and cell cycle inhibitors.
The flavonoid nutrient family is one of the largest nutrient families known to scientists. Over 6,000 unique flavonoids have been identified in research studies, and many of these flavonoids are found in plants that are routinely enjoyed in delicious cuisines throughout the world. In terms of nutrient richness, we get far more flavonoids from plant foods than from animal foods, and in particular, vegetables and fruits can be especially nutrient-rich in this type of phytonutrient.
Some of the most widely-studied flavonoids are nutrients you may already have heard about, but not in particular connection with any specific food. For example, the flavonoid quercetin.
Other flavonoids you may have heard about because of their association with a particular food. For example, the catechins in green tea. Sometimes a flavonoid is actually easy to connect with its most nutrient-rich food sources. For example, tangeretin is found in tangerines, as well as other citrus fruits.
Benefits of Flavonoids
Flavonoids are best known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory health benefits as well as the support of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.
Because they also help support detoxification of potentially tissue-damaging molecules, their intake has been associated with decreased risk of certain types of cancers, including lung and breast cancer.
However, it is important to note that the volumes of flavonoids required to provide the above health benefits is not yet certain.